Archibald Stirling of Keir and Cawder was born at Keir, 04 Sep 1710 to James Stirling (b. 1679) and Marione Stirling, née Stuart (b. 1680). He had 20 siblings including William, Alexander, Robert, and John Stirling. Archibald is an ancestor of the current Laird of Keir, Archibald Hugh Stirling (b. 1941).
Archibald was a merchant in Jamaica, where he acquired a moderate fortune before he returned to Scotland in 1748. He succeeded his brother, John, in Keir ten years afterwards, and by Deed of Entail, dated 05 November, 1771, he entailed the estates of Keir and Cawder. In 1751, Archibald married Margaret Stirling, née Erskine (b. 1732), of Torrie, Fife, who was daughter of Colonel William Erskine of Torrie. He later married Dame Ann Stirling, née Hay (1727 - 1807), of Drumelzier, Peebleshire, in 1762, who was the daughter of Alexander Hay of Drummelzier, and relict of Sir Patrick Hepburn Murray ofBlackcastle and Balmanno, Baronet.
In 1762 - 1763, Archibald was involved in a court case against John Christie regarding Nethertown of Inverallan.
Archibald died at Keir on 03 November 1783, aged 73, without issue. He was succeeded by his brother William (b. 1725), who was concerned in the Rebellion of 1745, along with his father and brother, Hugh.