- Corporate body
Perth County Council was an elected body established, along with other county councils, by the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1889 (52 & 53 Vict., c. 50). County councils inherited almost all the functions of commissioners of supply, and those of county road trusts and local authorities set up under the Contagious Diseases (Animals) Acts. They also took over some administrative powers from the justices of the peace, but not their licensing or judicial functions. The responsibilities of the Commissioners of Supply for police matters were transferred to standing joint committees made up of commissioners of supply and county councillors. County councils were required to appoint full-time county medical officers of health and sanitary inspectors, and the local public health functions of parochial boards in landward areas were transferred to district committees of the county councils. The Local Government (Scotland) Act 1929 (19 & 20 Geo. V, c. 25) abolished district committees, standing joint committees, commissioners of supply, parish councils, education authorities and other bodies, and transferred all or most of their functions to county councils. The main impact was in the areas of the poor law and education. County councils were now responsible for education everywhere except in the four counties of cities, and for the poor law and public health except in the counties of cities and large burghs. The act also required the councils to prepare a scheme for coverage of their areas by district councils which might have certain functions delegated to them by the County Council. Under the 1929 Act Perth County Council was combined for most, but not all, purposes with Kinross County Council to form Perth and Kinross Joint County Council. Combined services originally included education, poor law, roads, police, major health services, lunacy and mental deficiency. Perth County Council was to remain responsible for minor services and for rating purposes as well as any services delegated by the Joint County Council. County councils were abolished in 1975 and their powers transferred to regional, islands and district councils (Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973, c.65). Tayside Regional Council was the main successor authority to Perth County Council, although part of southern Perthshire was encompassed within the boundaries of Central Regional Council.
From 1890 to 1930, Perth County Council devolved some responsibilities to District Committees (including roads and public health), including the Western District Committee which served an area now part of the current Stirling Council area. Other responsibilities were held separately by Burgh Councils and by Parish Councils (including burials and poor relief).
Under the 1929 Act, District Committees and Parish Councils were abolished. From 1930, these responsibilities were devolved by Perth & Kinross Joint County Council to District Councils and Burgh Councils. The Western District Council and Callander, Doune and Dunblane Burgh Council areas fall within the current Stirling Council area. The Western District covered the civil parishes of Aberfoyle, Balquhidder, Callander, Dunblane and Lecropt, Killin, Kilmadock, Kincardine, and Port of Menteith.