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Famille

MacGregor of MacGregor

  • F0001
  • Famille
  • c. 800 -

Clan Gregor or Clan MacGregor is a Highland Scottish clan that claims an origin in the early 800s. The clan's most famous member is Rob Roy MacGregor of the late 17th and early 18th centuries.

The Clan Gregor held lands in Glen Orchy, Glenlochy and Glenstrae. According to Iain Moncreiffe the MacGregors were descended from an ancient Celtic royal family, through the Abbots of Glendochart. This is alluded to in the clan's motto: "Royal is my race". There is also a tradition that Gregor was the brother of Kenneth MacAlpin. Though there is little evidence to support this tradition, it is supported by the Scottish historian, William Skene, It is possible that the eponymous Gregor from whom the family derives may have been Griogair, son of Dungal, who was allegedly co-ruler of Alba.

Most modern historians agree that the first chief of Clan Gregor was Gregor of the golden bridles. His son was Iain Camm One eye, who succeeded as the second chief sometime before 1390.

The barony of Loch Awe which included much of the MacGregor lands was granted to the chief of Clan Campbell by Robert the Bruce. The Campbells had already built Kilchurn Castle which controlled the gateway to the western Highlands and they harried the MacGregors who were forced to retire deeper into their lands until they were restricted to Glenstrae

Iain of Glenstrae died in 1519 with no direct heirs. He was the second of his house to be called the Black. The succession of Eian was supported by the Campbells, and he married a daughter of Sir Colin Campbell of Glenorchy. In 1547 Eian's son, Alistair, fought against the English at the Battle of Pinkie Cleugh but died shortly after.

Colin Campbell refused to recognize the claim of Gregor Roy MacGregor to the estates, and for ten years Gregor waged a war against the Campbells. He was an outlaw who raided cattle and sheltered in the high glens. However, in 1570, he was captured and killed by the Campbells.[3] The chiefship was claimed by his son, Alistair, but he was unable to stem the Campbell's persecution of his kinsmen, who over time became known as the Children of the Mist, a name associated with the MacGregors due to the extent of their losses.

Additionally, John Drummond, of Clan Drummond was the king's forester and was subsequently murdered after hanging a number of MacGregors for poaching. The chief took responsibility for the murder and it was condemned by the Privy Council.

In response to the execution of two MacGregor clansmen in the year 1603, Alasdair MacGregor marched into Colquhoun territory with a force of over four hundred men. The chief of Clan Colquhoun, in response, had been granted a royal commission to suppress the MacGregors. Colquhoun assembled a force of five hundred foot and three hundred horse and advanced to Glen Fruin to repel the Highland raiders. MacGregor split his force in two and while the main MacGregor force and the Colquhouns engaged in combat, the second MacGregor force attacked the Colquhouns from the rear. The Colquhouns were driven into the Moss of Auchingaich where their cavalry was useless and over two hundred Colquhouns were killed. At the end of the eighteenth century, in an act of good will, the chiefs of the two clans met and shook hands on the very site of the former slaughter.

In April 1603 James VI of Scotland issued an edict that proclaimed the name of MacGregor as "altogidder abolisheed". This meant that anyone who bore the name must renounce it or suffer death. In 1604, MacGregor and eleven of his chieftains were hanged at Mercat Cross, Edinburgh. As a result, the Clan Gregor was scattered, with many taking other names such as Murray or Grant. They were hunted like animals and flushed out of the heather by bloodhounds.

An Edinburgh burgess, Robert Birrel, who kept a diary of events at the time, described the episode thus,

"[MacGregor] wes convoyit to Berwick be the Gaird to conforme to the Earl's promese: for he promesit to put him out of Scottis grund. Swa [so] he keipit ane Hieland-manis promes; in respect he sent the Gaird to convoy him out of Scottis grund: But thai were not directit to pairt with him, but to fetche him bak agane! The 18 Januar, at evine [evening], he come agane to Edinburghe; and upone the 20-day he wes hangit at the Croce, and xj [eleven] of his freindis and name, upon ane gallous: Himself being Chieff, he wes hangit his awin hicht aboune the rest of hes freindis."

An Act of the Scottish Parliament from 1617 stated (translated into modern English):

'It was ordained that the name of MacGregor should be abolished and that the whole persons of that name should renounce their name and take some other name and that they nor none of their name and that they nor none of their posterity should call themselves Gregor or MacGregor under pain of death ... that any person or persons of the said clan who has already renounced their names or hereafter shall renounce their names or if any of their children or posterity shall at any time hereafter assume or take to themselves the name of Gregor or MacGregor ... that every such person or persons assuming or taking to themselves the said name ... shall incur the pain of death which pain shall be executed upon them without favour'

Despite the savage treatment of the MacGregors, they had nevertheless fought for the king during the Scottish Civil War. Two hundred men of the Clan Gregor fought for the Earl of Glencairn in what was known as Glencairn's rising, against the Commonwealth. In recognition of this, Charles II of England repealed the proscription of the name, but William of Orange reimposed it when Charles's brother James VII was deposed.

Rob Roy MacGregor was born in 1671, a younger son of MacGregor of Glengyle. (However, given the circumstances, he had been forced to assume his mother's surname of Campbell). The adventures of Rob Roy MacGregor have been immortalized and romanticized by Sir Walter Scott in his novel Rob Roy. Rob Roy was undoubtedly a thorn in the flesh of the government until he died in 1734. He supported the Jacobite cause in 1715 and after the Battle of Sheriffmuir he set out plundering at will. In one such raid on Dumbarton, the town was put into panic and Dumbarton Castle was forced to open fire with its cannon. He also led Clan Gregor at the Battle of Glen Shiel in 1719. He is buried in Balquhidder churchyard.

During the 1745 uprising, some of Clan Gregor fought at the Battle of Prestonpans with the Jacobite army under the Duke of Perth. Some of Clan Gregor were among the Jacobite force that was defeated at the Battle of Littleferry in 1746 in Sutherland, and therefore missed the Battle of Culloden that took place the next day. After the rising, when the MacGregors were returning home, no-one ventured to interfere with them when they strode across Atholl, with their flying colours they strode passed Finlairg Castle where according to one source the Clan Campbell militia "durst not move more than pussies", and the MacGregors defying in broad day light the out posts which Lord Campbell of Glenorchy had established in the passes. The MacGregors flaunted their weapons and returned to their old cattle-stealing ways, only being tamed over the course of time by the Commissioners of the Annexed Estates from 1755.

Persecution of the MacGregors did not end until 1774, when the laws against them were repealed.

To restore pride in the clan, the chiefs needed to be re-established. Eight hundred and twenty six MacGregors subscribed to a petition declaring General John Murray of Lanrick to be the true chief Murray was in fact a MacGregor who was descended from Duncan MacGregor of Ardchoille, who had died in 1552. His son was Sir Evan, who played a part in the visit of George IV to Scotland in 1822, where he and his clansmen were given the tremendous honour of guarding the Honours of Scotland, better known as the Scottish Regalia and the oldest set of crown jewels in the British Isles.

The Murray, later MacGregor of MacGregor Baronetcy, of Lanrick in the County of Perth, is a title in the Baronetage of Great Britain. It was created on 3 July 1795 for John Murray. He was a member of the Scottish MacGregor clan. This branch of the family had been forbidden to wear their own surname by King James VI, the only instance of this in British history. The ban was revoked in 1661 by King Charles II but restored during the reign of William and Mary. It was finally repealed in 1774. However, it was not until 1822 that the family obtained Royal licence to use the family surname. The second Baronet was a colonial administrator and served as Governor of Dominica, Antigua, Barbados and Trinidad. Sir Evan MacGregor, third son of the second Baronet, was Permanent Secretary to the Admiralty. The sixth Baronet was a Brigadier in the Scots Guards. The MacGregors of MacGregor are also the Chiefs of Clan Gregor.

Murray, later MacGregor of MacGregor baronets, of Lanrick (1795):

Lieutenant-Colonel Sir John Murray, 1st Baronet (1745–1822), later Macgregor Murray.
Major-General Sir Evan John Murray-MacGregor, 2nd Baronet (1785–1841), married (28 May 1808), Lady Elizabeth Murray (d. 1846), daughter of John Murray, 4th Duke of Atholl).
Sir John Atholl Bannatyne Murray-MacGregor, 3rd Baronet (1810–1851), of Lanrick and Balquhidder.
Rear-Admiral Sir Malcolm Murray-MacGregor, 4th Baronet (1834–1879)
Captain Sir Malcolm MacGregor, 5th Baronet (1873–1958)
Brigadier Sir Gregor MacGregor, 6th Baronet (1925–2003)
Sir Malcolm Gregor Charles MacGregor, 7th Baronet (b. 1959)

Murray family of Touchadam and Polmaise

  • F0002
  • Famille
  • 1358 – 1956

'This family has been seated for centuries in the county of Stirling, and is supposed to derive from the noble house of Bothwel.

Its patriarch, Sir William de Moravia, designed of Sanford, joined Robert Bruce in defence of the liberties of his country, but, being taken prisoner by the English, was sent to London in 1306, and remained in captivity there until exchanged after the battle of Bannockburn.

Sir William's son and successor, Sir Andrew de Moravia, obtained from King David Bruce two charters; the first, granting the lands of Kepmad, dated in 1365; and the second, bestowing Tulchadam, Tulchmallar, &c. in 1369. Sir William died temp. Robert II and was succeeded by his son William De Moravia, of Touchadam, living in 1392, in which year he had a charter from King Robert III. He wedded Christian Cunninghame, and was father of Alexander de Moravia, of Touchadam, who, in 1455, upon the resignation of his father, got a charter, from James II. of the lands of Weigateschaw, in the county of Lanark; and Toucliadam, Newark, &c. in the shire of Stirling; all erected into a barony. He m. — Sutherland, and had a son and successor, William Murray, of Touchadam, constable of the castle of Stirling in the reign of James III. This laird acquired, in 1459, the lands of Buchadrock, in Stirlingshire, and in 1462, in a baron court held at Dunipace concerning part of the lands of Herbertshire, of which Wiilliam, earl of Orkney, was superior, Wiilliam Murray, of Touchadam was, by his lordship, appointed judge. Touchadam married a lady named Christian, and had four sons,

I. David, his heir.
II. John, father of John, of Gawamore, successor to his uncle.
III. Herbert.
IV. Patrick.

The eldest son, David Murray, of Touchadam, having no issue, made a resignation of his whole estate to his nephew, John Murray, of Gawamore, captain of the king's guards and lord provost of Edinburgh, who, upon the demise of his uncle about the year 1474, became " of Touchadam," and got a confirmation thereof under the "great seal. This John Murray was a firm and devoted adherent of King James III. After the battle of Stirling, he was deprived of a considerable portion of his estate, and a great number of the old family writs were embezzled and lost. He espoused a daughter of Seaton, of Winton, and had a son and heir, William Murray, of Touchadam, living in 1507, who married Agnes, daughter of John Cockburn, of Ormiston, and was s. at his decease, in 1514, by his son, John Murray, of Touchadam, who had a charter under the great seal, dated 9th June, 1541, of the lands of Sandieholmes, in Lanarkshire. He wedded the Lady Janet Erskine, daughter of Robert, fourth earl of Marr, and had two sons, William and James, by the elder of whom, William Murray, of Touchadam, lie was succeeded.

This laird married Agnes, daughter and co-heir of James Cunninghame, of Polmais, in the county of Stirling, and dying an 1569, left, with a daughter, Agnes, a son and successor, Sir John Murray, of Touchadam and Polmais, who got a charter, dated 26th December 1602, to himself and Jean Cockburn his wife, of several lands in Stirlingshire, containing a new erection, in consideration of the many good services he had himself rendered to the king, as well as of the loyalty so frequently displayed by his great-great-grandfather, John Murray, of Touchadam.

Sir John married. Jean, daughter of John Cockburn, of Ormiston, and was s. by his son. Sir William Murray, of Touchadam and Polmais, who obtained from Charles I. a charter of the lands of Cowie in 1636.

During the conflicts which harassed the reign of that ill-fated prince, Sir William strained every nerve in defence of the royal cause, and, in consequence, suffered severely from the enactments of the adverse party. He was in the engagement of the duke of Hamilton, and in 1654, was emerced by Cromwell in the sum of fifteen hundred pounds. He died shortly after, and left, by Elizabeth his wife, daughter of Sir Alexander Gibson, of Durie, a son and successor, John Murray, of Polmais and Toucha-dam, served heir to his father in January 1655. He married Janet, daughter of Sir John Nisbet, of Dean, lord provost of Edinburgh, and was s. by his son, John Murray, of Touchadam and Polmais, who wedded Anne, daughter of Sir Alexander Gibson, of Durie, one of the senators of the college of justice, and had five sons, viz.

I. John, his heir.
II. William, eventual inheritor.
III. George, who married and had issue.
IV. Adam, M. D. d. s. p.
V. Mungo, who married and had issue.

The eldest son, John Murray, of Touchadam and Polmais, infeft in his father's lifetime, married Lilias, daughter of Stirling, of Keir, and dying in 1716, was s-. by the elder of two sons, John Murray, of Touchadam and Polmais, who dying unm. was s. by his brother, William Murray, of Touchadam and Polmais, at whose decease likewise unm. the estates reverted to his uncle, William Murray, of Touchadam and Polmais, who was served heir to the whole estate in 1729. He married first, Cecilia, dau. of Gibson, of Durie, by whom lie had a son and daughter, who both d. in infancy. He wedded secondly, Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Alexander Gibson, bart. of Pentland, and had three sons and one daughter, viz.

I. William, his heir.
II. Alexander, who d. unm.
III. John, who m. Isabella, daughter of Professor Hercules Lindsay, and had issue,

  1. John, merchant, of Liverpool, m. Elizabeth, daughter of James Bryce, esq. and has two sons and one daughter.
  2. Cecilia, m. to John Russell, esq.
    I. Margaret, m. to the Marchese Abcrambonie.

William Murray d. in 1758, and was s. by his son, William Murray, of Touchadam and Polmais, who tm. first, Margaret, daughter of John Callander, esq. of Craigforth, and by her had a son. William, his heir. He wedded, secondly, Anne, daughter of Lawrence Campbell, esq. of Clathick and Killermont, by whom he had,

John, capt. R. N. deceased.
Archibald, East India company's service, deceased.
Alexander, an advocate, who m. Miss Johnina Wilkinson, of the county of Denbigh.
Anne, married to Robert Bruce, esq. of Kennet. (See vol. ii. page 485).

Mr. Murray espoused, thirdly, Grace, daughter of Alexander Speirs, esq. of Elderslie, and by this lady had one son and three daughters, viz.

  1. Peter, died in infancy.
  2. Mary, m. to Alexander Speirs, esq. of Culcreuch, in Stirlingshire.
  3. Grace.
  4. Elizabeth, died an infant.

Polmaise d. in 1814, and was s. by his eldest son, tlie present William Murray, esq. of Polmaise and Touchadam'

Taken from 'A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Commoners of Great Britain and Ireland, Volume 3', by John Burke