Incorporation of Hammermen of Stirling

Identity area

Type of entity

Corporate body

Authorized form of name

Incorporation of Hammermen of Stirling

Parallel form(s) of name

    Standardized form(s) of name according to other rules

      Other form(s) of name

        Identifiers for corporate bodies

        Description area

        Dates of existence

        c. 14th century - 20th century

        History

        The power to grant incorporated status to trades rested with the magistrates of royal burghs. An incorporated trade was granted the right to monopolise and control their trade within the burgh. Trade incorporations were usually constituted by a seal of cause granted by the magistrates but some were constituted by use and consuetude. A strict monopoly was enforced within the burgh and non-members of an incorporation were not allowed to trade within the bounds of the town. The Incorporation set strict guidelines controlling the quality of workmanship and protected work for the craft within the burghs against outsiders. It prevented apprentices from being drawn away from their masters and controlled standards of craftsmanship amongst its members. An entry fee had to be paid to gain admission. The son of a burgess paid the lowest fee, the son-in-law of a burgess paid more and a stranger paid the highest fee. Trades incorporations were usually governed by a deacon with the aid of a boxmaster and a council of craftsmen who were elected annually. They held a court which could fine craftsmen for contravening the rules and held the ultimate penalty of expulsion. The trades often incorporated with others to form united trades who had a right to representation in the council of the burgh along with representatives from the merchant guild. The representation on the council by trades and merchants was abolished in 1833 by the Royal Burghs (Scotland) Act (3 & 4 Will. IV, c.76) which provided for an elected town council. The exclusive privileges of trade were in decline towards the latter half of the eighteenth century and were finally abolished in 1846 by the Abolition of Exclusive Privilege of Trading in Burghs in Scotland Act (9 & 10 Vict., c.17). Thereafter the functions of the Incorporation were purely charitable: many incorporations were already providing assistance and financial relief to their members.The seven incorporated trades of Stirling were the Hammermen, Weavers, Tailors, Shoemakers, Fleshers, Skinners, and Bakers. Tolerated communities were the Maltmen, Mechanics, Omnium Gatherum, and Barbers.

        Places

        Stirling, Stirling

        Legal status

        Functions, occupations and activities

        Mandates/sources of authority

        Internal structures/genealogy

        General context

        Relationships area

        Related entity

        Incorporated Trades of Stirling (14th century -)

        Identifier of related entity

        C0113

        Category of relationship

        associative

        Type of relationship

        Incorporated Trades of Stirling is the associate of Incorporation of Hammermen of Stirling

        Dates of relationship

        Description of relationship

        Access points area

        Subject access points

        Place access points

        Occupations

        Control area

        Authority record identifier

        C0337

        Institution identifier

        Rules and/or conventions used

        ISAAR(CPF): International Standard Archival Authority Record for Corporate Bodies, Persons and Families, International Council on Archives (2nd edition, 2003); Rules for the construction of personal, place and corporate names, National Council on Archives (1997)

        Status

        Level of detail

        Dates of creation, revision and deletion

        Created 08 Dec 2020

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