Incorporation of Hammermen of Stirling

Zone d'identification

Type d'entité

Collectivité

Forme autorisée du nom

Incorporation of Hammermen of Stirling

forme(s) parallèle(s) du nom

    Forme(s) du nom normalisée(s) selon d'autres conventions

      Autre(s) forme(s) du nom

        Numéro d'immatriculation des collectivités

        Zone de description

        Dates d’existence

        c. 14th century - 20th century

        Historique

        The power to grant incorporated status to trades rested with the magistrates of royal burghs. An incorporated trade was granted the right to monopolise and control their trade within the burgh. Trade incorporations were usually constituted by a seal of cause granted by the magistrates but some were constituted by use and consuetude. A strict monopoly was enforced within the burgh and non-members of an incorporation were not allowed to trade within the bounds of the town. The Incorporation set strict guidelines controlling the quality of workmanship and protected work for the craft within the burghs against outsiders. It prevented apprentices from being drawn away from their masters and controlled standards of craftsmanship amongst its members. An entry fee had to be paid to gain admission. The son of a burgess paid the lowest fee, the son-in-law of a burgess paid more and a stranger paid the highest fee. Trades incorporations were usually governed by a deacon with the aid of a boxmaster and a council of craftsmen who were elected annually. They held a court which could fine craftsmen for contravening the rules and held the ultimate penalty of expulsion. The trades often incorporated with others to form united trades who had a right to representation in the council of the burgh along with representatives from the merchant guild. The representation on the council by trades and merchants was abolished in 1833 by the Royal Burghs (Scotland) Act (3 & 4 Will. IV, c.76) which provided for an elected town council. The exclusive privileges of trade were in decline towards the latter half of the eighteenth century and were finally abolished in 1846 by the Abolition of Exclusive Privilege of Trading in Burghs in Scotland Act (9 & 10 Vict., c.17). Thereafter the functions of the Incorporation were purely charitable: many incorporations were already providing assistance and financial relief to their members.The seven incorporated trades of Stirling were the Hammermen, Weavers, Tailors, Shoemakers, Fleshers, Skinners, and Bakers. Tolerated communities were the Maltmen, Mechanics, Omnium Gatherum, and Barbers.

        Lieux

        Stirling, Stirling

        Statut légal

        Fonctions et activités

        Textes de référence

        Organisation interne/Généalogie

        Contexte général

        Zone des relations

        Entité associée

        Incorporated Trades of Stirling (14th century -)

        Identifier of related entity

        C0113

        Type de relation

        d'association

        Type de relation

        Incorporated Trades of Stirling is the associate of Incorporation of Hammermen of Stirling

        Dates de la relation

        Description de la relation

        Zone des points d'accès

        Mots-clés - Sujets

        Mots-clés - Lieux

        Occupations

        Zone du contrôle

        Identifiant de notice d'autorité

        C0337

        Identifiant du service d'archives

        Règles et/ou conventions utilisées

        ISAAR(CPF): International Standard Archival Authority Record for Corporate Bodies, Persons and Families, International Council on Archives (2nd edition, 2003); Rules for the construction of personal, place and corporate names, National Council on Archives (1997)

        Statut

        Niveau de détail

        Dates de production, de révision et de suppression

        Created 08 Dec 2020

        Langue(s)

          Écriture(s)

            Notes de maintenance