Incorporation of Hammermen of Stirling

Zona de identificação

Tipo de entidade

Entidade coletiva

Forma autorizada do nome

Incorporation of Hammermen of Stirling

Forma(s) paralela(s) de nome

    Formas normalizadas do nome de acordo com outras regras

      Outra(s) forma(s) de nome

        identificadores para entidades coletivas

        Área de descrição

        Datas de existência

        c. 14th century - 20th century

        Histórico

        The power to grant incorporated status to trades rested with the magistrates of royal burghs. An incorporated trade was granted the right to monopolise and control their trade within the burgh. Trade incorporations were usually constituted by a seal of cause granted by the magistrates but some were constituted by use and consuetude. A strict monopoly was enforced within the burgh and non-members of an incorporation were not allowed to trade within the bounds of the town. The Incorporation set strict guidelines controlling the quality of workmanship and protected work for the craft within the burghs against outsiders. It prevented apprentices from being drawn away from their masters and controlled standards of craftsmanship amongst its members. An entry fee had to be paid to gain admission. The son of a burgess paid the lowest fee, the son-in-law of a burgess paid more and a stranger paid the highest fee. Trades incorporations were usually governed by a deacon with the aid of a boxmaster and a council of craftsmen who were elected annually. They held a court which could fine craftsmen for contravening the rules and held the ultimate penalty of expulsion. The trades often incorporated with others to form united trades who had a right to representation in the council of the burgh along with representatives from the merchant guild. The representation on the council by trades and merchants was abolished in 1833 by the Royal Burghs (Scotland) Act (3 & 4 Will. IV, c.76) which provided for an elected town council. The exclusive privileges of trade were in decline towards the latter half of the eighteenth century and were finally abolished in 1846 by the Abolition of Exclusive Privilege of Trading in Burghs in Scotland Act (9 & 10 Vict., c.17). Thereafter the functions of the Incorporation were purely charitable: many incorporations were already providing assistance and financial relief to their members.The seven incorporated trades of Stirling were the Hammermen, Weavers, Tailors, Shoemakers, Fleshers, Skinners, and Bakers. Tolerated communities were the Maltmen, Mechanics, Omnium Gatherum, and Barbers.

        Locais

        Stirling, Stirling

        Estado Legal

        Funções, ocupações e atividades

        Mandatos/fontes de autoridade

        Estruturas internas/genealogia

        Contexto geral

        Área de relacionamentos

        Entidade relacionada

        Incorporated Trades of Stirling (14th century -)

        Identificador de entidade relacionada

        C0113

        Categoria da relação

        associativo

        Tipo de relação

        Incorporated Trades of Stirling is the associate of Incorporation of Hammermen of Stirling

        Datas da relação

        Descrição da relação

        Área de pontos de acesso

        Pontos de acesso - Assuntos

        Pontos de acesso - Locais

        Ocupações

        Zona do controlo

        Identificador de autoridade arquivística de documentos

        C0337

        Identificador da instituição

        Regras ou convenções utilizadas

        ISAAR(CPF): International Standard Archival Authority Record for Corporate Bodies, Persons and Families, International Council on Archives (2nd edition, 2003); Rules for the construction of personal, place and corporate names, National Council on Archives (1997)

        Estatuto

        Nível de detalhe

        Datas de criação, revisão ou eliminação

        Created 08 Dec 2020

        Línguas e escritas

          Script(s)

            Notas de manutenção